「ほっ」と。キャンペーン

世界経済恐慌は来るか:「虚から実への回帰」、石油ピーク論の元祖、K.Hubbertの警告

アメリカのマネー工学の世界、労せずして儲ける「虚業の構造」が崩壊しつつある。75兆円という救済策をアメリカ下院は否決、株は777ドルの暴落となった。ヨーロッパでも大変である。
世界恐慌が目前に迫ったのでは、と危惧される昨今、これを「虚から実への回帰」ととらえ、日本は適切な回避策をとる必要があろう。そのためにまず、問題の本質を理解すべきでは。

1970年のアメリカ48州の「石油ピーク」を、1956年に予想した、「石油ピーク論の元祖」、M.King.Hubbert(1903~1989)、当時シェル石油のヒューストン研究所の地球物理学者は、1929年の世界恐慌時代から学んだとして、当時から「実の世界」の大切さ「虚の世界」の危うさについて論じていた。石油ピークはその論旨の一貫であった。そして下記は1989年、86才で没する前年のこと、日本のリーダに是非読んでいただきたい。

Hubbertは、優れた思想家でもあった。「マネー」は無限膨張できるが、反して地球は有限、その資源には限りがある、いずれ減耗すると現代文明のその矛盾、社会問題を、生涯を通して繰り返し警した。晩年、視覚と聴覚の障害に悩まされたが、その論は鋭く本質を突くものだった。

この世界で最も有名な地球物理学者Hubbertはハバートピーク(石油ピークのこと)、曲線の名で知られる。彼は1929年の世界恐慌がマネーシステムの混乱であるに対して、石油ピーク問題は、地球資源ベースの減耗、質の低下にある、より根源的な文明問題であると、生涯を通して訴え続けたのである。この視点が、今の恐慌前夜とも見られる世界経済を理解するのに欠かせない
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"Two Intellectual Systems: Matter-energy and the Monetary Culture"  by M.K. Hubbert
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During a 4-hour interview with Stephen B Andrews, SbAndrews at worldnet.att.net, on March 8, 1988, Dr. Hubbert handed over a copy of the following, which was the subject of a seminar he taught, or participated in, at MIT Energy Laboratory on Sept 30, 1981.
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"The world's present industrial civilization is handicapped by the coexistence of two universal, overlapping, and incompatible intellectual systems: the accumulated knowledge of the last four centuries of the properties and interrelationships of matter and energy; and the associated monetary culture which has evloved from folkways of prehistoric origin.

"The first of these two systems has been responsible for the spectacular rise, principally during the last two centuries, of the present industrial system and is essential for its continuance. The second, an inheritance from the prescientific past, operates by rules of its own having little in common with those of the matter-energy system. Nevertheless, the monetary system, by means of a loose coupling, exercises a general control over the matter-energy system upon which it is super[im]posed. "Despite their inherent incompatibilities, these two systems during the last two centuries have had one fundamental characteristic in common, namely, exponential growth, which has made a reasonably stable coexistence possible. But, for various reasons, it is impossible for the matter-energy system to sustain exponential growth for more than a few tens of doublings, and this phase is by now almost over. The monetary system has no such constraints, and, according to one of its most fundamental rules, it must continue to grow by compound interest. This disparity between a monetary system which continues to grow exponentially and a physical system which is unable to do so leads to an increase with time in the ratio of money to the output of the physical system. This manifests itself as price inflation. A monetary alternative corresponding to a zero physical growth rate would be a zero interest rate. The result in either case would be large-scale financial instability."

"With such relationships in mind, a review will be made of the evolution of the world's matter-energy system culminating in the present industrial society. Questions will then be considered regarding the future:

1)What are the constraints and possibilities imposed by the matter-energy system? human society sustained at near optimum conditions?
2)Will it be possible to so reform the monetary system that it can serve as a control system to achieve these results?
3)If not, can an accounting and control system of a non-monetary nature be devised that would be approptirate for the management of an advanced industrial system?

"It appears that the stage is now set for a critical examination of this problem, and that out of such inquries, if a catastrophic solution can be avoided, there can hardly fail to emerge what the historian of science, Thomas S. Kuhn, has called a major scientific and intellectual revolution."
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おわかりであろうか、1929年と今では資源制約など、文明の条件が全く違うことが。 写真は1929年10月24日、経済大恐慌当時のアメリカ、ウオールストリート街
b0085879_2329308.jpg

                  
[PR]
by tikyuu_2006 | 2012-06-30 11:56 | 新しい文明の構想
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